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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一口一中大 (MRMLK), four-corner 11646, composition)

  1. hard, firm, strong
  2. obstinate

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 831, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24230
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1247, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2432, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+786C

Chinese[edit]

 
hard; stiff; strong; firm
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (硬), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 耕
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 五爭切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣɛŋH/ /ŋæŋH/ /ŋɛŋH/ /ŋɯæŋH/ /ŋəɨjŋH/ /ŋæŋH/ /ŋɐŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
880 0 /*ŋɡraːŋs/ 見傷寒論
881 0 /*ŋɡraːŋs/ 同鞕,王韻五孟反

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngạnh)

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