硬い

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S

Etymology[edit]

The word 硬い have been derived from ancient Japanese origin かたし (katashi: “hard”) and applied the meaning of Chinese letter 硬 that means keeping its physical shape or appearance under a force.

Adjective[edit]

硬い (-i inflection, hiragana かたい, romaji katai)

  1. Keeping a material's shape that does not crack or break apart; hard
    その研究所 (けんきゅうじょ)はC60 (ろくじゅう)ナノ・ロッドを使 (つか)ってダイヤモンドより (かた)材料 (ざいりょう)開発 (かいはつ)した。
    sono kenkyūjo wa C rokujū nano roddo o tsukatte daiyamondo yori katai zairyō o kaihatsu shita.
    The lab developed a harder material than a diamond by using C60 nano-rods.
  2. Keeping one's appearance or facial expression; serious
    緊張 (きんちょう)していたのだろうか、 (かれ) (かた)表情 (ひょうじょう)をして法廷 (ほうてい) (はい)ってきた。
    kinchō shite ita no darō ka, kare wa katai hyōjō o shite hōtei ni haitte kita.
    Perhaps because he was nervous, he entered the courtroom with a serious expression.

Inflection[edit]

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