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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (praying man) – praying before an altar.

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈火中田中 (IFLWL), four-corner 35206, composition)

Noun[edit]

  1. spirit, god, supernatural being

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 842, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1261, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2392, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+795E

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale san4)

  1. god, supernatural (spiritual) deity

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/kami2/ *[kamɨ] → /kami/ [kami]

From Old Japanese. Not related to (/kami1/, up) or (/kami1/, hair). Often appears in compounds as /kamu/ (modern /kaɴ/), indicating that /kami/ is a bound or fused form deriving from */kamu.i/. Note that this final i may be the Old Japanese emphatic nominative particle (i), likely cognate with Korean nominative particle (i). Such fusion has occurred in other Japanese terms, such as (me, eye, from ma + i) or (sake, saké, liquor, from saka + i).

Compare Ainu カムイ (kamuy, god), also present in compounds like カムイモシㇼ (kamuy mosir, land of the gods).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. god
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 85)
      Cami. カミ (神) 日本のゼンチヨ (gentios 異教徒)が尊崇する神(Cami).
  2. spirit (compare 精霊 spirit)
  3. thunder (compare thunder)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (mi, honorific prefix, originally used to refer to gods and other high-status things).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. spirit, god
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sin) (hangeul [[]], revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin Shén)

  1. God

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shēn (shen1), shén (shen2), Wade-Giles shen1, shen2)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*jhin)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thần)