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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木弓竹尸 (HDNHS), four-corner 20227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 849, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24911
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1270, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2589, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+79C0

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Barley ear.

(plant) + , resembling a fruit/an ear hanging off a plant.

Etymology[edit]

May be a causative of ("growth of seedlings"). Compare Proto-Vietic *m-loh (to blossom) (whence Vietnamese trổ (to burst, to open, to display), lổ (naked)), and Khmer លាស់ (léas, to grow, to blossom, to prosper).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (秀), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 息救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɨuH/ /si̯ə̯uH/ /siuH/ /siuH/ /suwH/ /sĭəuH/ /siəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiù ‹ sjuwH › /*[s-l]u(ʔ)-s/ to flower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13934 1 /*slus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of plants) to shoot out into ears; earing; ear
    秀而不實秀而不实
  2. (of plants) to bear fruit
  3. (of plants) to blossom
  4. beautiful, elegant, graceful
    秀麗秀丽
    秀美
    眉清目秀
  5. to manifest, to show, to display
    秀出
  6. (especially of a person) outstanding, prominent, extraordinary
    優秀优秀
    俊秀
  7. (Phono-semantic matching of English show) a show
    脫口秀脱口秀
    時裝秀时装秀

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (秀):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: S
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, romaji Shū)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, vân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.