秦始皇

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Mandarin[edit]

simpl.
trad.
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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the addition of Chinese ("Qin") during the Han dynasty to the self-proclaimed title of 始皇帝, from Chinese ("first") + 皇帝 ("emperor"). Owing to the Chinese preference for two- or three-character names, the title was then contracted.

Proper noun[edit]

秦始皇 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin Qín Shǐhuáng)

  1. (historical) Shi Huangdi, the First Emperor of China

Usage notes[edit]

Although the forms First Emperor, Shi Huangdi, and Shih Huang-ti remain more common in non-scholarly English, 秦始皇 is much more common in modern Chinese, with the non-truncated forms only appearing in scholarly or historical works.

The personal names 嬴正 and the rare hypercorrections 趙正 and 赵正 are anachronisms: Chinese of the period generally employed their (ancestral names), (clan names), and (given names) separately and not in the compound form of modern Chinese.

Synonyms[edit]