Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
空-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (cave, hole) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 116 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十金一 (JCM), four-corner 30101, composition)

  1. sky, empty, hollow, bare, void, deserted
  2. (Buddhism) sunyata; emptiness, vacuity, awareness, openness, thusness
  3. (Japanese Buddhism) "void": One of the 五大 (godai; lit. "great five); also known as (そら, sora) and is of particular importance as the highest of the five elements. It also represents those things that are beyond one's everyday experiences, particularly those things composed of pure energy.
    1. (Bodily) represents one's spirit, thought, and creative energy. It represents one's ability to think and to communicate, as well one's creativity. It can also be associated with power, creativity, spontaneity, and inventiveness.
    2. (Martial arts) a philosophy; when exercised, the power of the Void allows one to connect to the quintessential creative energy of the world. A martial arts practitioner, who is properly attuned into the 'Void', have greater spatial awareness of their surroundings, the presences of others, and to act without thinking and without using their physical senses, via this mindstate of inner peace.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 863, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1289, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2719, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7A7A

Chinese[edit]

 
emptied; leisure; air; sky; empty; in vain
simp. and trad.

Pronouciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (空), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰəwŋ/ /kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋ/
Character (空), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦貢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋH/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰəwŋH/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰuŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kōng ‹ khuwng › /*kʰˤoŋ/ hollow, empty; hole
kǒng ‹ khuwngX › /*kʰˤoŋʔ/ hollow, empty; hole

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4034 0 /*kʰoːŋ/
4045 0 /*kʰoːŋs/

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin kōng)

  1. empty; void
  2. in vain

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia en

  1. (Buddhism) sunyata; emptiness
  2. sky
  3. air
  4. space


Compounds[edit]

Pronouciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. spare time; free time; leisure
  2. space; room

Adjective[edit]

  1. vacant; unoccupied; available

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. sky
  2. empty
Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana そら, romaji sora)

  1. the sky
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana から, romaji kara)

  1. empty
  2. ineffectual
    振り
  3. false
    元気
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くう, romaji )

  1. empty air
  2. shunya
  3. meaninglessness

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うろ, romaji uro)

  1. cavity, hole

Etymology 5[edit]

/utuho/: utupo → utuɸo → utuwo → utuo. See also (utsubo).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うつお, romaji utsuo, historical hiragana うつほ)

  1. Alternative form of うろ

Etymology 6[edit]

Similar etymology to (utsuo). As /h/ gradually changed from [p] → [ɸ] → [w] → [Ø], the phoneme was voiced to [b] in order to maintain it.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うつぼ, romaji utsubo)

  1. Alternative form of うろ

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gong, McCune-Reischauer: kong, Yale: kong)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bil)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(không, khỏng, cung, khung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.