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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 116 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十金戈大 (JCIK), four-corner 30430, composition)

  1. suddenly, abruptly, unexpectedly

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 863, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1291, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2722, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7A81

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (突), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 沒
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 陀骨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duət̚/ /dʱuət̚/ /duət̚/ /duot̚/ /dwət̚/ /duət̚/ /duət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dwot › /*m-tʰˤut/ burst through
‹ thwot › /*tʰˤut/ break through; suddenly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12486 2 /*tʰuːd/
12488 2 /*duːd/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 突然 (とつぜん, totsuzen)
  • 煙突 (えんとつ, entotsu)
  • 衝突 (しょうとつ, shoutotsu)
  • 突端 (とったん, tottan)
  • 突破 (とっぱ, toppa)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dol) (hangeul , revised dol, McCune-Reischauer tol, Yale tol)

  1. dash, clash, eg., 돌격, 돌진, 충돌
  2. protrusion, eg., 돌기, 돌출
  3. flue, chimney, eg., 온돌, 연돌
  4. penetration, piercing, eg., 돌파, 연돌
  5. fierce horse, eg., perhaps 돌궐
  6. sudden, eg., 돌발, 돌변, 돌연, 돌풍

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đột, đuột, sột, tọt, chặt, chợt, dột, đợt, đụt, lọt, mất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.