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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

A Chinese scholar once said “when bamboo takes the wind it leans back gently like a man who laughs”. This is only a mnemonic and not the etymology of the character.

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹大 (HHK), four-corner 88432, composition)

  1. smile, laugh, giggle
  2. snicker

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 879, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2950, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7B11
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 14:

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiào ‹ sjewH › /*[s-l]aw-s/ to laugh

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14621 3 𥬇 /*sqʰows/ 原下從犬,注或作此。漢書作八下夭

Verb[edit]

  1. to laugh
  2. to smile
  3. to laugh at

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-18.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Laughing

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so, Yale: so)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiếu, téo)

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