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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹手一 (HHQM), four-corner 88104, composition)

  1. a sheng; a hand-held free-reed mouth organ made from a dried gourd and 13 or more bamboo pipes

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 879, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2955, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7B19

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping saang1, sang1, Yale saang1, sang1)

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Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Chinese shēng (L) & Japanese shō (R)

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (/*shræng/). Goon, so likely the original reading as first borrowed from Middle Chinese. Compare modern Mandarin (shēng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana しゃう)

  1. (music) the sho
    A free-reed woodwind musical instrument consisting of a mouthpiece and seventeen pipes, each similar to an organ pipe. Developed from the Chinese shēng that was introduced to Japan during the Nara Period. Traditionally used to provide accompaniment in gagaku (traditional Japanese court music), and now also used in some contemporary music.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely an historically later reading. Compare modern Cantonese (saang¹, sang¹). Seen in The Tale of Genji.

This reading is obsolete in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana そう, romaji , historical hiragana さう)

  1. (obsolete) the sho

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(saeng) (hangeul , revised saeng, McCune-Reischauer saeng, Yale sayng)

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Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shēng (sheng1), Wade-Giles sheng1)

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Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*shræng, ṣạiŋ)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sanh)

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