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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (bamboo) + phonetic  – a bamboo needle, probe.

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹戈竹口 (HIHR), four-corner 88253, composition)

  1. needle, probe
  2. admonish

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 890, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26214
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1318, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2990, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7BB4

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale jam1)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jam) (hangeul , revised jam, McCune-Reischauer cham, Yale cam)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin zhēn (zhen1), Wade-Giles chen1)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(châm, giăm, dăm, giằm)

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Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: châm, dăm, dằm, giăm, giằm

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999