紅毛

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 6
もう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Possibly coined in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived elements (, red, crimson) +‎ (, hair).

Alternately, possibly from Middle Chinese compound 紅毛 (*hung *mɑu).

Compare modern Chinese simplified 红毛 and traditional 紅毛 (hóngmáo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

紅毛 (hiragana こうもう, romaji kōmō)

  1. red hair
  2. during the Edo period, an epithet for the Dutch, contrasting with the term 南蛮 (nanban, literally Southern barbarians) used for the Spanish and Portuguese
  3. in modern times, an epithet for Westerners or Europeans
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6 Grade: 2
Irregular

By extension from the red hair meaning being applied to the Dutch, used as jukujikun for オランダ (Oranda, Holland).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

紅毛 (hiragana おらんだ, romaji Oranda)

  1. (obsolete) Holland, the Netherlands
Usage notes[edit]

This reading was used primarily during the Edo period, and has since fallen out of use.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

紅毛

  1. red hair (on animals)
  2. (derogatory, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, chiefly in Hokkien) a red-haired person; by extension, a Caucasian person, a white person; ang moh