紛紛

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Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 纷纷
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Ideophonic and adverbial: A reduplication of (fēn, Old Chinese *pʰɯn (Zhengzhang Shangfang), "silk ribbon; disordered, confused → numerous"). Attested in Guanzi and Mengzi, meaning "disorderly, confused". Possibly cognate with (fán, Old Chinese *ban, "annoyed; numerous"), (fán, Old Chinese *ban, "numerous").

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin fēnfēn
Zhuyin ㄈㄣ ㄈㄣ
IPA (key) /fən⁵⁵ fən⁵⁵/
Audio
(file)

Adverb[edit]

紛紛 (traditional, Pinyin fēnfēn, simplified 纷纷)

  1. in droves; in great numbers
  2. one after another