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Translingual[edit]

Jiao-si-pang-wei.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (thread) + phonetic  – to tie fast, to maintain.

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火人土 (VFOG), four-corner 20914, composition)

  1. maintain, preserve, safeguard

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 927, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27568
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1364, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3415, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7DAD

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (維), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 以追切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiuɪ/ /wi/ /ui/ /jʷi/ /jwi/ /jwi/ /juɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wéi ‹ ywij › /*ɢʷij (? < *ɢʷuj)/ rope for tying

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12852 2 /*ɢʷi/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(duy)

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