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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (wings) +  (sun) – to learn to fly, to practice flying.

In current form, 日 (sun) has changed to 白 (white), so present form is (wings) +  (white).

Han character[edit]

(radical 124 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 尸一竹日 (SMHA), four-corner 17602, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 956, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1402, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3345, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7FD2

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (習), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 似入切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ziɪp̚/ /zi̯əp̚/ /ziəp̚/ /zip̚/ /zip̚/ /zĭĕp̚/ /zjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ zip › /*s-ɢʷəp (with root *ɢʷəp/ repeat; practice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13387 3 /*ljub/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to practice; to study
    /   ―  liàn  ―  to practice
    /   ―  xué  ―  to study
  2. habit, custom
    /   ―  guàn  ―  habit, custom
  3. flapping wings
  4. A surname​.
    近平 / 近平  ―  Jìnpíng  ―  Xi Jinping

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seup) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŭp, Yale sup)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tập, chập, dập, giặp, tấp, xập, sập)

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