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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
老-bw.png
Stroke order
老-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (an old man with long hair, bent over) +  (cane) – an old man, leaning on a cane. Compare top component to

Cognate to ; the most commonly cited example of 轉注 (zhuǎn zhù, reciprocal meaning).

老 老 老 老
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 125 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十大心 (JKP), four-corner 44711, composition)

  1. old, aged
  2. experienced

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 960, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28842
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1407, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2778, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8001

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (老), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 盧晧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuX/ /lɑuX/ /lɑuX/ /lɑuX/ /lawX/ /lɑuX/ /lɑuX/

Noun[edit]

  1. (classical) elderly
    • 以及 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Lǎo wú lǎo, yǐjí rén zhī lǎo. [Pinyin]
      Respect my elderly [parents], and then others' elderly.

Verb[edit]

  1. (classical) respect [an elderly]
    • 以及 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Lǎo wú lǎo, yǐjí rén zhī lǎo. [Pinyin]
      Respect my elderly [parents], and then others' elderly.

Adjective[edit]

  1. old, aged (for persons, animate and inanimate objects generally)
  2. experienced
  3. overcooked, tough, stringy, hard (used in reference to cooked food or meat)
  4. stale, not fresh (used in reference to food or potable liquids)
  5. always, all the time

Prefix[edit]

  1. (affectionate, respectful) Used before surnames () to refer to heads or elder members of families (compare for younger people).
  2. (usually respectful and affectionate) Used by analogy in several other relationship terms
  3. (zoology) Used before several animals considered noxious or unpleasant
  4. (colloquial) Used before placenames, particularly countries, to form nouns

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
  2. old age, an old person, the aged

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ro>no) (hangeul >, revised ro>no, McCune-Reischauer ro>no, Yale lo>no)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lão, láu, lảo, lảu, rảu, lẩu, lẽo, lếu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.