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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
考-bw.png
Stroke order
考-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Variant of – Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (an old man with long hair, bent over) +  (a cane) – an old man, leaning on a cane. Compare top component to .

Cognate to ; the most commonly cited example of 轉注 (zhuǎn zhù, reciprocal meaning).

Han character[edit]

(radical 125 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十大卜尸 (JKYS), four-corner 44207, composition)

  1. examine, test, investigate, verify
  2. examination, test
  3. old age
  4. (archaic) a posthumous name for male relations

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 960, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28843
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1408, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2779, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8003

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (考), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 苦浩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰawX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7404 1 /*kʰluːʔ/

Etymology[edit]

Originally meant old; deconstructed as derivative (老字头) of lǎo "old" + qiǎo (phonetic). Later evolved to mean "deceased father". Modern meanings of to exam, to study and to ponder a possible extension of the kind of activities old men do.

Noun[edit]

  1. (archaic) deceased father

Verb[edit]

  1. to have or give an exam/test (考试 kǎoshì)
  2. to consider (考虑 kǎolǜ)
  3. to check; to examine
  4. to study; to investigate

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khảo)

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