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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
者-order.gif
Stroke order
者-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a bush with intertwined branches in a ritual vessel; precise sense unclear.[1] Phonetic loan (假借) for abstract meanings.

Top is unrelated to and , thus in some forms (notably the form used in the Kangxi Dictionary) there is an added dot to distinguish 者 from these others, but this is not present traditionally.

Han character[edit]

(radical 125 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十大日 (JKA), four-corner 44600, composition)

  1. that which
  2. he/she who
  3. those who
  4. someone whose

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ , Richard Sears, Chinese Etymology
  • KangXi: page 961, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28852
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1409, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2780, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8005

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping ze2, Yale je2)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ chá (cha2), Hagfa Pinyim za3)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もの, romaji mono)

  1. person

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana しゃ, romaji -sha)

  1. someone of that type, someone who does that

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune-Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin zhě (zhe3), Wade-Giles che3)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Suffix[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhě)

  1. (nominalizer) -er, -ist, one who ..., person involved in, the things which ...
    记者 journalist, 工作者 worker
    我父親總是說天助自助。 wǒ fùqīn zǒngshì shuō tiān zhù zì zhù zhě.
    My father always said that heaven helps those who help themselves.
  2. (used after a number or () or to refer to something mentioned previously)
    前者 the former, 后者 the latter
    如下三任择其一。rúxià sān zhě rèn zé qí yī
    There are three alternatives.
  3. (used after a term, to mark a pause)
  4. (used at the end of a command)

Pronoun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhě)

  1. (dated, regional) this

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-14.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-14.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*jiǎ)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giả, trả, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.