Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (ear)

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 土水尸十 (GESJ), four-corner 47401, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 969, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1420, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2794, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8072

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (聲), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 書盈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇŋ/ /ɕi̯ɛŋ/ /ɕiɛŋ/ /ɕiɛŋ/ /ɕiajŋ/ /ɕĭɛŋ/ /ɕiæŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēng ‹ syeng › /*[l̥ ]eŋ/ sound (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10514 0 /*qʰjeŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sound, noise
    聽到尖叫 [MSC, trad.]
    听到尖叫 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ tīngdào jiānjiào shēng. [Pinyin]
    I heard someone scream.
    喚醒 [MSC, trad.]
    唤醒 [MSC, simp.]
    Língshēng jiāng wǒ huànxǐng. [Pinyin]
    I was roused by the sound of a bell.
    列車逐漸 [MSC, trad.]
    列车逐渐 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ tīng lièchē shēng zhújiàn yuǎn qù. [Pinyin]
    I heard the sound of the train dying away.
    槍炮使群眾驚慌失措 [MSC, trad.]
    枪炮使群众惊慌失措 [MSC, simp.]
    Qiāngpào shēng shǐ qúnzhòng jīnghuāngshīcuò. [Pinyin]
    The crowd panicked at the sound of the guns.
  2. reputation
    /   ―  shēngwàng  ―  popularity
    /   ―  míngshēng  ―  reputation
    /   ―  shēng  ―  reputation
  3. news, messages
  4. tone
    /   ―  shēng  ―  the four tone of Classical and Modern Chinese
  5. to declare; to state
    /   ―  shēngmíng  ―  declaration, statement
    /   ―  shēngchēng  ―  to claim, to declare
    /   ―  shēngtǎo  ―  to denounce
  6. Classifier for sounds.
    槍響 / 枪响  ―  shēng qiāngxiǎng  ―  the sound of a gunshot

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. voice

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
こえ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana こえ, romaji koe, historical hiragana こゑ)

  1. voice

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thanh, thiêng, thinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.