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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

The form differs between traditional Chinese, simplified Chinese, and Japanese shinjitai, as depicted at right. These are represented by the same Unicode code point; see Han unification.

  • Traditional: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + ; the body's gate.
  • Simplified: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .
  • Shinjitai: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸月 (HSB), 戈尸月 (ISB), four-corner 30227, composition, ⿸月, ⿸月)

  1. shoulders
  2. to shoulder
  3. to bear

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 975, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1426, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2052, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80A9

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (肩), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古賢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ken/ /kien/ /ken/ /ken/ /kɛn/ /kien/ /kɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ ken › /*[k]ˤe[n]/ shoulder (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6023 2 /*keːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shoulder

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かた, romaji kata)

  1. a shoulder

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.