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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  +  (meat, body part) – a body part, the kidneys.

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 尸水月 (SEB), four-corner 77227)

  1. kidneys
  2. testes, gizzard

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 987, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29621
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2086, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+814E

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Yale san5)


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/murato1/ → /murato/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むらと, romaji murato)

  1. kidney

Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier /murato/. Voicing suggests that it was originally a compound of mura and to.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むらど, romaji murado)

  1. kidney
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 2 page 35-36)
      腎 白虎通云 時忍反 上聲之重 无良度 [...] 水之精也 色黑 [...] 水藏也 [...]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin shèn (shen4), zhuì (zhui4), Wade-Giles shen4, chui4)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thận)