Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
臣-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
臣-jorder.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
臣-cursive-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 131 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸中尸中 (SLSL), four-corner 71717)

  1. minister, statesman, official
  2. a Chinese surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 999, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30068
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1450, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2801, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81E3

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (臣), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 植鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪn/ /ʑi̯ĕn/ /ʑiĕn/ /d͡ʑin/ /d͡ʑin/ /ʑĭĕn/ /d͡ʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chén ‹ dzyin › /*[g]i[ŋ]/ slave, subject

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1342 2 /*ɡiŋ/ 甲文臧象以戈刺目爲奴,省戈表不刺者則爲臣,專指役使於家內者

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
おみ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

/omi1/ *[omi] → /omi/ [omi]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おみ, romaji omi)

  1. one who serves a lord; a vassal, subject

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thần, thườn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.