自分

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぶん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

自分 (hiragana じぶん, romaji jibun)

  1. oneself
  2. I (often shows the speaker's lower position in a hierarchy than the addressee)
  3. (Kansai dialect) you

Usage notes[edit]

  • 自分 means “oneself”, with 自分 meaning “by oneself, by one’s own efforts”. By contrast, 一人 and 独り mean rather “alone”. Compare doing an assignment by oneself (without help) versus doing an assignment alone (without any other person around).

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.