自転車

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
てん
Grade: 3
しゃ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Coined in Japan in 1870 in the Meiji period in reference to a patented tricycle design.[1] Later used to refer to bicycles.

Compound of Sinitic-derived elements (ji, self) +‎ (ten, rolling, simplified modern form of ) +‎ (sha, vehicle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

自転車 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 自轉車, hiragana じてんしゃ, romaji jitensha)

  1. a bicycle
    自転車 (じてんしゃ) ()っていない。
    JItensha o motte inai.
    I don't have a bicycle.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1997, Toshihiko Saitō, くるまたちの社会史: 人力車から自動車まで (Kuruma-tachi no Shakai-shi: Jinrikisha Kara Jidōsha Made, “A Social History of Cars: From Rickshaws to Automobiles”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Chūōkōron-sha, ISBN 978-4121013460
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9