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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹十竹X (HJHX), four-corner 10777, composition)

  1. to separate the grain from the husk

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1003, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30180
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1460, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3038, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+81FF

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (臿), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 洽
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 楚洽切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣɛp̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰăp̚/ /t͡ʃʰɐp̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæp̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰəɨp̚/ /t͡ʃʰɐp̚/ /t͡ʃʰɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chā ‹ tsrheap › /*[tsʰ]<r>op/ pestle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1192 2 /*sʰreːb/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sap) (hangeul , revised sap, McCune-Reischauer sap)

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