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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (owl) + phonetic 

Originally referred to a type of owl; later borrowed for a homophonous word meaning "old." The upper portion frequently appears as .

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿人土X (TOGX), four-corner 44777, composition)

  1. old, ancient
  2. former, past

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1462, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3043, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+820A

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping gau6, Yale gau6)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin jiù (jiu4), Wade-Giles chiu4)

Adjective[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin jiù, simplified )

  1. old; former; past
  2. old; used; worm

Synonyms[edit]

  • (lǎo, "old (of people)")

Antonyms[edit]

  • (xīn, "new")

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA kiū (kiu7), kū (ku7))

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References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cựu, lâu)

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