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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (owl) + phonetic 

Originally referred to a type of owl; later borrowed for a homophonous word meaning "old." The upper portion frequently appears as .

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿人土X (TOGX), four-corner 44777, composition)

  1. old, ancient
  2. former, past

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1462, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3043, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+820A

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (舊), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 巨救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨuH/ /gi̯ə̯uH/ /ɡiuH/ /ɡiuH/ /guwH/ /ɡĭəuH/ /ɡiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiù ‹ gjuwH › /*N-kʷəʔ-s/ old
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6981 0 /*ɡʷɯs/

Adjective[edit]

  1. old; former; past
  2. old; used; worm

Synonyms[edit]

  • (lǎo, "old (of people)")

Antonyms[edit]

  • (xīn, "new")

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cựu, lâu)

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