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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿一弓口 (TMNR), four-corner 44621)

  1. small, petty
  2. harsh, rigorous

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1022, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30785
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1481, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3187, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+82DB

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (苛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡歌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/ /ɦɑ/ /ɦa/ /ɣɑ/ /ɣɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7460 1 /*ɡaːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. severe; exacting

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka, Yale ka)

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