苦心

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
しん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From (ku, hard, energetically) + (shin, heart)

Noun[edit]

苦心 (hiragana くしん, romaji kushin)

  1. pains, efforts, hard work

Derived terms[edit]

  • 苦心談 (kushindan): account of the hardships one has encountered
  • 苦心惨憺 (kushin santan): taking great pains

Idioms[edit]

Verb[edit]

苦心 + する (hiragana くしんする, romaji kushin suru)

  1. make strenuous efforts, be at pains to, struggle to
    苦心 (くしん)して
    kushin shite
    with great pains

Conjugation[edit]