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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
菜-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (grass, plant) + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿月木 (TBD), four-corner 44904)

  1. vegetable, vegetables
  2. dish, order
  3. food
  4. cuisine

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1038, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31184
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1496, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3236, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83DC

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronounciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (菜), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 倉代切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰʌiH/ /t͡sʰɑ̆iH/ /t͡sʰᴀiH/ /t͡sʰəiH/ /t͡sʰəjH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/

Noun[edit]

(classifier ,)

  1. vegetable; greens
    • 蔬菜 (shūcài, "vegetables")
    • 白菜 (báicài, "Chinese cabbage")
    • 菠菜 (bōcài, "spinach")
  2. cuisine; (type of) food
  3. dish; course
  4. (colloquial) (one's) type

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, Yale chay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thái, thủy, linh, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.