菩薩

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Chinese[edit]

Bodhisattva (surname); Bodhisattva
trad. (菩薩)
simp. (菩萨)

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

菩薩

  1. bodhisattva

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese, originally as abbreviation of full term 菩提薩埵, itself a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhi-sattva, enlightened existence).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, romaji bosatsu)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Japan, a title granted by the imperial court to notably virtuous high-ranking monks
  3. (archaic) a title applied to native Shinto gods, after the spread of 本地垂迹 (honji suijaku, theological position prevalent until the Meiji period, explaining that Indian Buddhist deities choose to appear in Japan as native kami)
  4. alternate name for (kome, rice)
  5. by extension of the rice meaning, a maidservant who cooks rice

External links[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, romaji Bosatsu)

  1. the title of a piece of 雅楽 (gagaku, ancient court music), categorized as 唐楽 (tōgaku, literally “Tang music”, a style of gagaku)