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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (grass) + phonetic . Note that 枼 means “table, flat”, so connotations of “a flat plant part, a leaf”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿心廿木 (TPTD), four-corner 44904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1044, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31387
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1504, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3243, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+8449

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (葉), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 葉
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 與涉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇp̚/ /i̯ɛp̚/ /iɛp̚/ /jiɛp̚/ /jiap̚/ /jĭɛp̚/ /jæp̚/
Character (葉), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 葉
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 書涉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇp̚/ /ɕi̯ɛp̚/ /ɕiɛp̚/ /ɕiɛp̚/ /ɕiap̚/ /ɕĭɛp̚/ /ɕjæp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yep › /*l[a]p/ leaf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11557 2 /*hljeb/
11561 2 /*leb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. leaf, petal
  2. page of book
  3. era, epoch
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(ha, ): sunlight through leaves.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/pa//fa//ha/

From Old Japanese.[1] Probably cognate with Old Japanese verb 生ゆ (hayu, to sprout, to grow) → modern 生える (haeru), and with (ha, feather; wing). Probably also cognate with (ha, tooth) from the way that both sprout and then later fall, and with (ha, blade) from similarities in shape.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana , romaji ha)

  1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
よう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

/epu//efu//eu//yoː/

From Middle Chinese (yep, leaf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よう, romaji , historical hiragana えふ)

  1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
  2. a season, an age: a shorter period of time within a longer one
  3. an administration: the period of time during which a certain person holds a certain office

Counter[edit]

(hiragana よう, romaji -yō, historical hiragana えふ)

  1. (rare) counter for flat, thin things such as leaves or paper
  2. Template:qualifer counter for small boats

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yeop, seop) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer yŏp, sŏp, Yale yep, sep)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ふぁー, romaji faa)

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Proto-Japonic pa. Cognate with Kunigami phaá, Middle Japanese ɸa, and modern Japanese ha.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふぁー, romaji faa)

  1. leaf

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(diệp, diếp, dợp, dớp, đẹp, giấp, giẹp, nhịp, riếp, dào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.