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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 廿月人火 (TBOF), four-corner 44901, composition)

  1. used as a surname
  2. species of tortoise

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1055, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1517, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3282, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+8521

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蔡), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 泰
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 倉大切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰajH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/ /t͡sʰɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cài ‹ tshajH › /*s.r̥ˁat-s/ (name of a state)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5836 1 /*sʰlaːds/

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Chua

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chae, sal) (hangeul , , revised chae, sal, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, sal, Yale chay, sal)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thái)

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