Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +14, 20 strokes, cangjie input 廿尸戈廿 (TSIT), 廿尸一廿 (TSMT), four-corner 44107, composition)

  1. blue
  2. indigo plant
  3. used as a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1064, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1528, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3311, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+85CD

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping laam4, Yale laam4)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. The color indigo; the indigo plant.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Various theories, all suggesting a relation to (ao, formerly awo, blue).

  • May be an alteration from 青色 (awoiro): /awoiro/ > /awiro/ > /airo/ > /ai/
  • May simply be an alteration from (awo): /awo/ > /awi/ > /ai/
  • May be derived from a compound of (awo, blue) +‎ (i, formerly wi, there is), expressing the sense that the plant contains the color blue: /awowi/ > /awi/ > /ai/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あい, historical hiragana あゐ, romaji ai)

  1. the color indigo
  2. the indigo plant, species Indigofera tinctoria and related plants

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あい, romaji Ai)

  1. A female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ram>nam) (hangeul >, revised ram>nam, McCune-Reischauer ram>nam, Yale lam>nam)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin lán (lan2), Wade-Giles lan2)

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lam, chàm, rôm, rườm, trôm, xám)

References[edit]