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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (insect) +  (claw) – a scratching insect/pest.

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水戈中一戈 (EILMI), four-corner 17136, composition)

  1. flea
  2. louse

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1078, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1547, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2836, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+86A4

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蚤), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 子晧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sawX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zǎo ‹ tsawX › /*tsˤuʔ/ flea

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16552 1 /*ʔsuːʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
蚤 (nomi): an illustration of a flea.
Kanji in this term
のみ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Possibly derived from 飲み (nomi), the nominalized 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 飲む (nomu, to drink), from the way that fleas drink the host's blood.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana のみ, katakana ノミ, romaji nomi)

  1. flea

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ぬみ, romaji numi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (nomi).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぬみ, romaji numi)

  1. flea

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.