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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 中戈竹手戈 (LIHQI), four-corner 53150, composition)

  1. moth

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1083, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33082
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1551, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2856, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+86FE

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蛾), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五何切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑ/ /ŋɑ/ /ŋɑ/ /ŋɑ/ /ŋa/ /ŋɑ/ /ŋɑ/
Character (蛾), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 魚倚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇX/ /ŋie̯X/ /ŋieX/ /ŋiɛX/ /ŋiə̆X/ /ŋǐeX/ /ŋjɛX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
é ‹ nga › /*ŋˤaj/ silkworm moth [Bombyx]
‹ ngjeX › /*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/ ant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13036 1 /*ŋaːl/ 見荀子,說文下從二蟲
13050 1 /*ŋralʔ/ 同蟻見墨子

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ga)

  1. a moth

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. {나방) moth, compare butterfly (나비, nabi)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngài, nga)