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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (small insect)

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十心竹戈 (JPHI), four-corner 30136)

  1. honey
  2. sweet
  3. nectar

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1085, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33143
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1553, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2866, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+871C

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale mat6)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. honey; nectar; molasses

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (*mjit), from Late Old Chinese *mjit ~ *mit, from Proto-Tocharian *ḿət(ə) (compare Tocharian B mit (honey)), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu (mead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みつ, romaji mitsu)

  1. honey
  2. nectar
  3. molasses, treacle, syrup
  4. short for 蜜砂糖 (​mitsuzatō): brown sugar
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternate reading of mitsu above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みち, romaji michi)

  1. honey
  2. nectar
  3. molasses, treacle, syrup
Usage notes[edit]

Only used on its own. Not used in compounds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mil) (hangeul , revised mil, McCune-Reischauer mil, Yale mil)

  1. ( 밀, kkul): honey

Mandarin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Modern , from Middle Chinese mjit, from Late Old Chinese *mjit ~ *mit, from Proto-Tocharian *ḿət(ə) (compare Tocharian B mit (honey)), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu (mead).

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (mi4), Wade-Giles mi4)

  1. honey
    蜂蜜 ("honey"), 蜜蜂 ("bee")
  2. the colour of honey; honey-coloured
    蜜色 ("colour of honey")
  3. beeswax
    蜜燭/蜜烛 ("candle")
  4. sweet
    甜蜜 ("sweet, happy"), 水蜜桃 ("honey peach"), 甜言蜜語/甜言蜜语 ("sweet words and honeyed phrases; cajolery")
  5. (PSM of English miss) mistress, young girl
    小蜜 ("mistress"), 閨蜜/闺蜜 ("girlfriend (of female)")

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ bi̍t)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mật)