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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

  1. ants

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping ngai5, Yale ngai5)

  1. ant

Noun[edit]

(traditional, Jyutping ngai5, Yale ngai5, simplified )

  1. ant

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ant
Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese traditional and simplified (ngai5).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. ant
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, “leg”) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あり, romaji ari)

  1. ant
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Compound of (ari, ant) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [a̠ɾi no̞ ko̞]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ありのこ, romaji arinoko)

  1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
  2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
Usage notes[edit]

The spelling of for ari no ko as is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.

Kikai[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あーにー, romaji aanii)

  1. ant

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin (ji3), (yi3), Wade-Giles chi3, i3)

  1. ant

Noun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin (ji3), (yi3), simplified )

  1. ant

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. ant

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. ant

Compounds[edit]


Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghĩ, nghị)


Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (ari, ant).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

  1. ant