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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土口竹女 (GRHV), four-corner 40732, composition𠮷𧘇)

  1. robe
  2. a surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1113, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1579, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 444, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+8881

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (袁), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 雨元切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʉɐn/ /i̯wɐn/ /ɣiuɐn/ /ɦʷiɐn/ /ɦuan/ /ɣĭwɐn/ /ɣiuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ hjwon › /*[ɢ]ʷa[n]/ long robe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16220 1 /*ɢʷan/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên)

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