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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 中木竹水 (LDHE), four-corner 34247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1115, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34222
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1580, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3085, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+88AB

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (被), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 皮彼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biᴇX/ /bʱie̯X/ /bieX/ /biɛX/ /biə̆X/ /bǐeX/ /bjɛX/
Character (被), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 平義切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biᴇH/ /bʱie̯H/ /bieH/ /biɛH/ /biə̆H/ /bǐeH/ /bjɛH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bèi ‹ bjeX › /*m-pʰ(r)ajʔ/ coverlet
bèi ‹ bjeH › /*m-pʰ(r)ajʔ-s/ cover (v.)
‹ phje › /*məә-pʰ(r)aj/ cover oneself with
‹ phjeH › /*pʰ(r)aj-s/ cloak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9713 1 /*bralʔ/
9715 1 /*brals/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bedding; quilt

Preposition[edit]

  1. (used to indicate passive-voice) by

Usage note[edit]

  • In a passive-voice sentence, 被 is placed after the subject and before the doer of the action. The doer of the action is placed before the verb or can be ommited.
  • A passive-voice sentence with 被 is negated with 没有.
  1. 我們沒有告知哪裡 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    我们没有告知哪里 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen méiyǒu bèi gàozhī tā cóng nǎlǐ lái. [Pinyin]
    We weren't told where he came from.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji hi-)

  1. -ee (as in employee)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pi) (hangeul , revised pi, McCune-Reischauer p'i, Yale phi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bị, bệ, bỡ, bự, bợ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.