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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
要-bw.png
Stroke order
要-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

要 要 要 要
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形): a woman () with two hands pointing to her midsection.

Original meaning was "waist" (now ). The hands gradually shifted upwards; the in the modern form evolved from the hands and the woman's head.

Han character[edit]

(radical 146 西+3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一田女 (MWV), four-corner 10404, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1128, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1597, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2805, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8981

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (要), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於霄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇu/ /ʔi̯ɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔiaw/ /ĭɛu/ /ʔjæu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14748 2 /*qew/

Verb[edit]

  1. to demand; to ask; to request
    • 要求 (yāoqiú, “to request”)
  2. to force; to coerce
    • 要挾要挟 (yāoxié, “to threaten, to blackmail”)
  3. Variant of .

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (要):

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (要), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 於笑切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiᴇuH/ /ʔi̯ɛuH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔiawH/ /ĭɛuH/ /ʔjæuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yào ‹ ʔjiewH › /*[q]ew(k)-s/ important

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14752 2 /*qews/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to want; to wish; to need
    睡覺 [MSC, trad.]
    睡觉 [MSC, simp.]
    yào shuìjiào. [Pinyin]
    I want to sleep.
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    yàoyào hē chá? [Pinyin]
    Do you want some tea?
  2. will; going to (future auxiliary)
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    yào zǒu le. [Pinyin]
    I am going to go.
    我們遲到 [MSC, trad.]
    我们迟到 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ pà wǒmen yào chídào le. [Pinyin]
    I fear that we will be late.
  3. may; must; don't (in a negative sentence), to have to
    不要 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Bùyào hē jiǔ. [Pinyin]
    Don't drink alcohol.
    今天一定看病 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Nǐ jīntiān yīdìng yào qù kànbìng. [Pinyin]
    You must go to the doctor today.
    一會兒老闆現在不可開交 [MSC, trad.]
    一会儿老板现在不可开交 [MSC, simp.]
    yào děng yīhuìr, wǒ de lǎobǎn xiànzài zhèng máng de bùkěkāijiāo. [Pinyin]
    You have to wait a moment. My boss is extremely busy now.

Adjective[edit]

  1. vital, important

Conjunction[edit]

  1. if, in case of
    腰帶用不著吊帶 [MSC, trad.]
    腰带用不着吊带 [MSC, simp.]
    Yào jì yāodài, jiù yòngbùzháo diàodài le. [Pinyin]
    You don't need braces if you're wearing a belt.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (要):


Japanese[edit]

See also 要する

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. need, necessity, essential

Readings[edit]


Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よう, romaji )

  1. cornerstone
  2. requirement

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かなめ, romaji kaname)

  1. pivot, cornerstone, keystone

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana かなめ, romaji Kaname)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer yo, Yale yo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yếu, éo, eo, yêu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.