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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 147 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一人月山山 (MOBUU), four-corner 16110)

  1. wizard

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1135, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34875
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1602, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3668, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+89A1

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Yale hat6)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. medium, diviner

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (kamu, god, spirit) +‎ 和ぎ (nagi, calming, calming down), the stem noun form of verb 和ぐ (nagu, to become calm, to become quiet).

/kamunagi/ → /kaɴnagi/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かんなぎ, romaji kannagi)

  1. a medium or shaman, usually female, who acts as a medium between humans and the spirits or gods, helping to communicate between the two and to calm any supernatural or spiritual upset
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shift in pronunciation of the (kamu) element, similar to the pattern seen in terms such as 神戸 (Kōbe).

/kamunagi/ → /koːnagi/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こうなぎ, romaji kōnagi)

  1. alternate reading for kannagi

Etymology 3[edit]

Less-common ateji for 巫女 (miko, shrine maiden).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みこ, romaji miko)

  1. a shrine maiden: see 巫女

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeok) (hangeul , revised gyeok, McCune-Reischauer kyŏk, Yale kyek)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin (xi2), Wade-Giles hsi2)