言語

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Chinese[edit]

 
to speak; to say; talk; word
 
dialect; language; speech; tell to
trad. (言語)
simp. (言语)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (言語, reconstructed)
Character (言), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語軒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨɐn/ /ŋɨ̯ɐn/ /ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɐn/ /ŋɨan/ /ŋĭɐn/ /ŋiɐn/
Character (語), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 魚巨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨʌX/ /ŋi̯woX/ /ŋiɔX/ /ŋiɔX/ /ŋɨə̆X/ /ŋĭoX/ /ŋiɔX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (言語, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[n]/ (a particle)
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[n]/ I, we
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[n]/ speak; speech
yán ‹ ngjon › /*ŋa[r]/ tall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14271 1 /*ŋan/
13159 0 /*ŋaʔ/
13165 0 /*ŋas/

Definitions[edit]

言語

  1. speech; spoken language
    讀書言語無味讀書便面目可憎 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    读书言语无味读书便面目可憎 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Song Dynasty, Huang Tingjian
    Yī rì bù dúshū, yányǔ wúwèi; sān rì bù dúshū, biàn jué miànmùkězēng. [Pinyin]
    Not studying for a day, my speech becomes dull; Not studying for three days, my looks become repulsive.
  2. (Mandarin) to speak; to say a word
    一聲言語 [MSC, trad.]
    一声言语 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā yīshēng bù yányu jiù zǒu le. [Pinyin]
    He left without saying anything.
    怎麼言語 [MSC, trad.]
    怎么言语 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ zěnme bù yányu? [Pinyin]
    Why aren't you saying anything?

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (言語):

Anagrams[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

言語 (hiragana げんご, romaji gengo)

  1. language, speech

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

言語 (eoneo) (hangeul 언어)

  1. Hanja form? of 언어, “language”.