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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
谷-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

谷 谷 谷 谷
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (water) +  (mouth)

Water comes from a valley.

Han character[edit]

(radical 150 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金人口 (COR), four-corner 80608)

  1. valley, gorge, ravine
  2. grain (after is simplified to this character)
  3. a surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1189, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1652, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3902, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C37

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (谷), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古禄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kəwk̚/ /kuk̚/ /kuk̚/
Character (谷), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧谷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /ləwk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/
Character (谷), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 余蜀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨok̚/ /i̯wok̚/ /iok̚/ /jiok̚/ /juawk̚/ /jĭwok̚/ /iok̚/
Character (谷), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 其虐切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨɐk̚/ /gi̯ak̚/ /ɡiak̚/ /ɡiɐk̚/ /gɨak̚/ /ɡĭak̚/ /ɡiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kuwk › /*C.qˤok/ valley

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4298 0 /*ɦkroːɡ/ 見史記
4299 0 /*kloːɡ/
4310 0 /*ɡ·loːɡ/

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. valley

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
たに
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たに, romaji tani)

  1. valley

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たに, romaji Tani)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gok, yok) (hangeul , , revised gok, yok, McCune-Reischauer kok, yok, Yale kok, yok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cốc, góc, hốc, tân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.