負う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Verb[edit]

負う (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana おう, romaji ou)

  1. to bear, to carry on one's back
  2. to assume or take a responsibility
    • 1917, 豊島与志雄, 田原氏の犯罪:
       (しか) (きみ)主任店員 (しゅにんてんいん)として一半 (いっぱん) (せき) ()なければならない。
      shikashi kimi mo shunin ten'in toshite ippan no seki wa owanakereba naranai.
      Still, you must accept part of the responsibility as the managing shop assistant.
  3. to be in a debt of gratitude
  4. to suffer an injury
    • 1924, 岡本綺堂, 青蛙堂鬼談:
       (いもうと)全身 (ぜんしん)大火傷 (おおやけど) ()って (むし) (いき)であった。
      imōto wa zenshin ni ōyakedo o otte mushi no iki de atta.
      My younger sister was at death's door after suffering terrible burns on her entire body.

Conjugation[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (This reading is old) 負ぶる (おぶる, oburu, to carry on one’s back, to bear)