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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (thorn) +  (money) – the thorny part of money is being responsible for debt.

Top component now resembles 生 (without the diagonal stroke) – compare , .

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手一月山金 (QMBUC), four-corner 50806, composition)

  1. one's responsibility, duty

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1668, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3626, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8CAC

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (責), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 麥
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 側革切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂæk̚/ /t͡ʃɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂɯæk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨjk̚/ /t͡ʃæk̚/ /t͡ʃɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tsrɛk › /*s-tˁrek/ demand payment
‹ tsrɛk › /*s-tˁrek/ blame
zhài ‹ tsrɛH › /*s-tˁrek-s/ debt
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1761 0 /*ʔsreːɡ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chaek, chae) (hangeul , , revised chaek, chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'aek, ch'ae, Yale chayk, chay)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trách)

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