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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (output) +  (goods)

indicate the exporting side of the selling/buying deal. It was reduced to . Compare to (to buy)

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土田中金 (GWLC), four-corner 40806, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1675, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3645, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8CE3

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (賣), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 莫懈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣɛH/ /maiH/ /mɛH/ /mɯæH/ /maɨjH/ /maiH/ /mæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mài ‹ meaH › /*mˤrajʔ-s/ sell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8731 0 /*mreːs/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin, transitive, intransitive) to sell
  2. to betray
  3. to spare no effort, to do one's best
  4. to show off

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mae) (hangeul , revised mae, McCune-Reischauer mae, Yale may)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mại, mải, mợi)

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