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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (two catty) +  (shellfish)

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹中月山金 (HLBUC), four-corner 72806, composition)

  1. matter, material, substance

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1210, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36833
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1676, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3648, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8CEA

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (質), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 陟利切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiɪH/ /ȶiH/ /ȶiH/ /ʈiH/ /ʈiH/ /ȶiH/ /ȶjɪH/
Character (質), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 之日切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɪt̚/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕt̚/ /t͡ɕiĕt̚/ /t͡ɕit̚/ /cit̚/ /t͡ɕĭĕt̚/ /t͡ɕjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ trijH › /*[t]<r>ip-s/ hostage; gift
zhì ‹ tsyit › /*t-lit/ substance, solid part

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17397 1 /*tids/
17401 1 /*tjid/ 金文本從折聲

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. content
  2. characteristic
  3. natural appearance
  4. confirm
  5. mortgage

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (variant)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jil, ji) (hangeul , , revised jil, ji, McCune-Reischauer chil, chi, Yale cil, ci)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chất, chát, chắc, chặt, chắt, chớt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.