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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ( and → a component which cannot be displayed independently)

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 中水月人 (LEBO))

  1. virtuous, worthy, good
  2. able

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (賢), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡田切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦen/ /ɣien/ /ɣen/ /ɦen/ /ɦɛn/ /ɣien/ /ɣɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hen › /*[g]ˤi[n]/ worthy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1337 1 /*ɡiːn/