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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹十月人 (HJBO), composition𠂆)

  1. matter, material, substance

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (質), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 陟利切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiɪH/ /ȶiH/ /ȶiH/ /ʈiH/ /ʈiH/ /ȶiH/ /ȶjɪH/
Character (質), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 之日切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɪt̚/ /t͡ɕi̯ĕt̚/ /t͡ɕiĕt̚/ /t͡ɕit̚/ /cit̚/ /t͡ɕĭĕt̚/ /t͡ɕjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ trijH › /*[t]<r>ip-s/ hostage; gift

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17397 1 /*tids/