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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
車-bw.png
Stroke order
車-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事): it is derived from a pictogram of a carriage seen from above, with the long vertical stroke representing the axle, the central square representing the body of the carriage, and the top and bottom horizontal lines representing the wheels.

Note that (as in left part of ) is not derived from 車..

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十田十 (JWJ), four-corner 50006)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1239, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38172
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1712, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3511, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8ECA


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) vehicle; car
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) machine; instrument

Usage notes[edit]

  • 車/车 is a collective term for all types of vehicles with wheel(s). Prefix is added to specify the type of the vehicle. Here are some examples:
    公共汽車 (bus), 出租車 / 計程車 (taxi), 火車 (train), 自行車 / 腳踏車 (bicycle), 貨車 (lorry), 卡車 (truck)

Verb[edit]

  1. carry in cart
  2. to machine, to shape with a lathe

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. chariot/rook in Chinese chess

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. vehicle

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Its kun reading may be used on its own as a word. Its on reading is mainly used in many compounds like 電車 (でんしゃ densha) “train”, and 自転車 (じてんしゃ jitensha) “bicycle”.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana くるま, romaji kuruma)

  1. a car; an automobile; a carriage; a cart
  2. a wheel; a caster

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cha, geo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: cha, geo, McCune-Reischauer: ch'a, kŏ, Yale: cha, ke)
  1. (수레 차, sure-): cart; wheeled machinery

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xa, xe, , se, xế, thạch)

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