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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
辛-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – Picture of a tool used to mark slaves and criminals.

辛
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin), 字源. URL accessed on 2014-02-22.

Han character[edit]

(radical 160 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿十 (YTJ), four-corner 00401, composition)

  1. fiery, piquant, hot
  2. toilsome, laborious
  3. the eighth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. a surname

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1729, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4036, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F9B

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (辛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 息鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪn/ /si̯ĕn/ /siĕn/ /sin/ /sin/ /sĭĕn/ /sjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sin › /*[s]i[n]/ pungent; painful
xīn ‹ sin › /*si[n]/ 8th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13810 2 /*siŋ/ 甲文象黥刺刀具,𠞂(皮傷)初文

Adjective[edit]

  1. spicy, hot, pungent
  2. hard, laborious
  3. suffering

Noun[edit]

  1. eighth, 8, H, VIII (used for unnamed people or object, to enumarate headings in a list, for grade)

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. the eighth of the ten heavenly stems (天干).

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spicy
  2. bitter
  3. hot
  4. acrid

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer shin, sin, Yale sin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tân, tăn, tơn, tăng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.